HMONG TEXTILE TRADITION

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Hmong or H’mong clothing is mainly made from locally grown Hemp, one of the fastest growing plants and one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber.Throughout their long history, the Hmong have had a rich tradition of hemp weaving. Hmong women use either backstrap looms or floor wooden loom. Batik, wax-resist dyeing, is applied on to hemp cloth with free hand painting pattern then dipped three or four times, or more, in indigo dye. Last, wax is removed with hot water to reveal the un-dyed section of the cloth.

Black Hmong make up the majority of the population in north-west Vietnam and play a major role in the hemp and brocade production. The growing of a hemp crop and making of a skirt takes approximately two years.

Sources:
north-vietnam.com/ethnic-minorities-vietnam
druglibrary.org/olsen/hemp/iha/jiha5101.html
taphin-sapa.info/Home/Our-Ta-Phin/People/The-Black-Hmong.php

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